Die-Cut: The cutting of shapes from the substrate using a custom-made metal die and stamping machine.
Embossing/Debossing: A die-stamping process resulting in a raised (Emboss) or depressed (Deboss) surface on the substrate. Embossing may be executed either without any printing to highlight the affected area (blind Emboss) or as a complement to a printed area, for instance where a logo is first printed on a surface and then embossed.
Hole Punching: A process by which holes of a specified size are drilled through a finished, bound catalog or other printed material.
Hot Foil Stamp: A process whereby a metallic foil is die-stamped onto a substrate (usually paper) to leave an imprinted logo, text or other graphic device in the color and material of the metallic foil. A popular technique for Book Titles, Name Cards and invitations, hot stamps are generally either gold or silver, but may be created in a wide range of metallic colors.
Perforation: The punching of small holes (usually in straight lines) into a sheet of paper, to make a printed area easy to tear off. Used for vouchers, response cards, etc., various levels of ease in removing the perforated area may be achieved through the spacing between the holes.
Scoring: A process whereby a crease is created in a straight line on the substrate, primarily used to allow for ease of folding.